Guide to Residential Fire Sprinkler System Installation
Making the decision for a fire sprinkler system installation is vital for the safety of your home and family. According to the National Fire Protection Association, these systems lower the risk of death by 81% and decrease property damage over 58% on average. They can also reduce up to 90% of the water used to fight a fire. There are a few things you should know before you make a purchase from one of the local fire sprinkler companies. Here’s a guide to everything you need to know about fire protection sprinkler system installation.
How Residential Fire Systems Work
Residential fire systems are designed to give the occupants of a home enough time to escape a fire. These systems contain at least 10 minutes of water supply storage and an audible alarm. In most cases, they can completely control a fire and significantly reduce property damage. Each system has certain pressure and water flow specifications based on the home’s water source, size of the home, and the length and type of pipes used.
A network of piping is laid either vertically or horizontally with sprinkler heads attached to deliver water from the walls or ceiling. The sprinkler head contains a glass tube with heat sensitive liquid. When the heat from a fire reaches the tube, the liquid shatters the tube and releases water. A small wheel at the end of the sprinkler head fans the water across the room.
Types of Residential Sprinkler Systems
There are two main types of residential sprinkler systems offered by fire sprinkler companies. With each type, there can be variations in fire sprinkler system design and components. In standalone systems, the piping network used is separate from the residential plumbing system. Both systems can draw from the same water supply or the standalone system can draw from its own dedicated water tank. Standalone systems typically have more complex installation and maintenance requirements, but can be ideal for residential areas that don’t have a sufficiently pressured water supply.
Multipurpose fire sprinkler systems are integrated with the residential plumbing system and feed off the same water supply. These systems are easier to install and maintain. Homeowners can tell if a problem occurs with this system because it will affect the everyday plumbing. They aren’t ideal for homeowners looking to retrofit a system because these systems require specific fire sprinkler hydraulic calculations.
Choosing a Fire Sprinkler Installer
The most critical aspect of a fire sprinkler system installation or retrofit is choosing one of the fire sprinkler companies to perform the work. The installer you choose should be an experienced fire sprinkler system designer. They must be able to perform the hydraulic calculations to draw up scale designs necessary for permit approvals. The installer should also be knowledgeable of local and state codes for fire sprinkler system design. The state you live in may require that the installer has certain certifications and is bonded and insured.
Installing a fire sprinkler system is one of the best decisions you can make for your home and family. Consider your options carefully and choose an installer you can trust. You’ll rest assured knowing that you are fully protected in case of a fire and it could save you thousands of dollars in damage.